Largest European Cities(agglomeration) in History 7500 BC - 2020. Top 11 biggest cities in Europe

Views 4 116 340
99% 39 000 1

This video shows the most populated cities(agglomeration) in Europe through history from the first civilizations until nowadays.
This video shows the European history about the top 11 largest cities by population in European history from 7000 BC to current year 2020. This video shows Europe's largest city ancient history and demographics from 7000 BC to present year 2020.
The Population of these european cities is noted as per historical data and slight mistakes and fluctuations are possible as this data is very old and exact numbers is impossible but after many days of continuous research I have compiled this video and provided my best effort to make this data as accurate as possible, also the cities flags are given according to the today's current location of cities and for people to better understand as all of them are not historians and also because some of ancient flags are missing.

I use Alien Art Charts to make those videos, use this link alienart.io/?referer=626917e1.. . to make similar videos as mine.


-Colin McEvedy & Richard Jones (1978), Atlas of World Population History
-Angus Maddison (2003), Historical Statistic for the World Economy
-Hohenberg and Lees

- www.worldbank.org/
- www.oecd.org/
- www.un.org/en

Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, commenting, Music, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statutes that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational, or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

support.google.com/youtube/th.. .
www.multiplechronicconditions ...

Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976:
www.copyright.gov/fair-use/mo.. .
www.copyright.gov/title17/92c.. .
1)This video has no negative impact on the original works (It would actually be positive for them).
2)This video is also for teaching purposes.
3)It is not transformative in nature.

Published on


Feb 12, 2020




Loading link...

Add to:

My playlist
Watch later
Comments 9 324
Schrödinger 2 years ago
Rome was impressive it took 1700 years till another city was able to reach a million citizens again.
Ali 7 days ago
well no. Baghdad had well over 1 Million at the time and wasn't fluctuating unlike rome
Ali 7 days ago
​@Bujar Doci the world was 100-200 million at the time Rome wasnt even 50% of the empire's population
Lars Gathenhielm
Lars Gathenhielm 15 days ago
Baghdad and Constantinople almost reached a mil and Nanjing, Beijing and Hangzhou did. Ayutthaya (capital of Siam) also did, but then their neighbours destroyed it.
Lars Gathenhielm
Lars Gathenhielm 15 days ago
Examples of cities who also reached a million before London did: Alexandria, Baghdad, Xi’an (forgot what it was called back then) and even more Chinese cities.
Elias Adam
Elias Adam 17 days ago
It's not confirmed but probable. It's also estimated that 70 - 90% of that population in Rome would have been slaves considering around the time Rome was wiping out other very large civilizations and enslaving their inhabitants.
Rachelle Month ago
I'm not as fascinated by the growth of the cities as I am by the shrinking. Rome had a million people living there in Roman times (guess this also shows why they were called Roman times), and then it shrunk back to 40.000 and less, it must've been like a ghost town. And then even before all that, imagine living in one of the largest towns, and there's only 50 other people.
Matheus G.
Matheus G. Month ago
It is like to see New York's population shrink from 8 million citizens to approx 100,000. New York would certainly feel like a ghost town.
SentaDuck Month ago
After the sack of Rome in 1527 it went down to as little as 10,000.
Giltr0y 27 days ago
It took 1700-1800 years to brake that 1000000 pop record by Rome. Just shows how great was Rome 2000 years ago. I don't think we can completely fathom the magnitude of ancient Rome. Truly.. an eternal city.
Wii Jaen
Wii Jaen 16 days ago
Stunning job! Córdoba was the largest city for a while, even over Constantinople! Really astounding!
Lüane D.G
Lüane D.G Month ago
It’s interesting to see each country taking the lead throughout the times… Of course this is just agglomeration it does not take into account other entry otherwise I think it might have been very different in some periods… Oh and, we need to talk more about Paris, they stayed at the top for soooo long and kept rising even during the 100years war… it’s impressive considering that and also aaaalll the epidemic the Europe went through.
Kerr Campbell
Kerr Campbell 4 months ago
It's fascinating and impressive how many times Constantinople / Istanbul rose to the top and dropped right off the map only to rise back up to the top again. Really shows the historic importance and strategic geography of this unique city!
William Wallace
William Wallace 18 days ago
@Dovre Gubben I'd love for your dictator to try and attack Greece. See what would happen to Turkey you nationalistic nonce
Bienen Stich
Bienen Stich 24 days ago
@Ali Gattor You must be one of the rare kinds, who don't know that İstanbul is the only city that lies on two Continents. One part in Europe, the other part lies in Asia.
Brian Hammer
Brian Hammer Month ago
@Knight Rider DUMMY - I'm a history prof - I'm very well aware - much much MUCH more than you - of the history of Anatolia. The city will always and forever be Constantinople - deal with it.
Knight Rider
Knight Rider Month ago
@Brian Hammer The city is under the sovereignty of the Republic of Türkiye and its official name is Istanbul. Your meaningless comments do not change this fact.
Brian Hammer
Brian Hammer Month ago
@Knight Rider that's what Turks call it - it will forever be Constantinople
Braki danych w statystykach, pominięte wiele miast które były w swoim czasie naprawdę imponujące
As someone from Spain, the notion that Cordoba surpassed Constantinople in population and was the largest city in Europe for some solid years, it's absolutely wild
Adrian Martin
Adrian Martin 29 days ago
@Jose Laloz es lo mas impresionante del imperio español. Que con pocas personas (para ser un imperio) se mantuvo durante casi tres siglos.
Alejandro soto martin
@Jose Laloz Antes de las independencias americanas hubiera sido más adecuado decir que eran Ciudad de Mexico y Madrid.
Jose Laloz
Jose Laloz Month ago
es increíble que pese a ser el imperio más grande del mundo de 1500 a 1700 más o menos, nunca tuvo una población monstruosa ninguna ciudad española según esto, lo que muestra que el centro de poder nunca estuvo concentrado en una sola parte pensé que Madrid iba a subir hasta la punta en épocas del imperio pero subió más fue después del imperio ahí sí se concentró el poder en dos ciudades Madrid y Barcelona 🙊
Daniel Owen
Daniel Owen Month ago
@Nemo U Los cristianos no tuvieron nada que ver con la desintegración del Califato Omeya de Córdoba xd
Alejandro soto martin
People just moved to the centre ( Madrid, Toledo, Valladolid) or to the coast. Like every Spaniard have been doing in the last 700 years if they have the chance.
Dux Month ago
Wow! What a great city the imperial Rome was. It had the same quantity of inhabitants than London reached 1700 year later, on the peak of the British empire.
Elias Adam
Elias Adam 17 days ago
Wow, changed my realization of how big cities are in Europe. I knew Istanbul was big but even being there briefly I didn't realize it's a city of 16 million people. I just assumed the largest city today in Europe was either Paris or London with Moscow or Rome at third place or maybe a city in Spain.
Chrisa S.
Chrisa S. 5 months ago
Much much respect for Thessaloniki ! This city is not any more widely known to Europeans, however it secured a place in the list for a considerable amount of time. It was founded after the fall of Alexander's empire, disappeared for a bit and became important again for many centuries during the byzantine empire as the co-capital behind Constantinopole.
Vagg Marb
Vagg Marb 26 days ago
@Daniel Nikolovski you didn't even exist you slave of Makedonian... 😁 😁 😁
mnh Month ago
@Sarantis Tsetsakos you must be really stupid if you can't tell if it's a joke or not
Jon Engström
Jon Engström Month ago
It’s a lovely place
Yalnz Month ago
Not Thessaloniki it's always Selanik
Lonsepalda Month ago
Sam Langenberg
Sam Langenberg Month ago
i find it quite impressive how Rome went from 1.1 million to 30.000 population. I mean already thinking about the space, 1.1 million ppl take a lot of that, and then 30.000 ppl living in a city where at some point have been 1.1 million, thats very hard to imagine
Alejandro soto martin
Wait 80 more years for Detroit.
George Month ago
Choirokoitia lies in Cyprus and Nea Nikomedeia is in Central Greece close to the birthplace of Alexander the Great. The two cities are the first to be created in 7000BCE and 6500BCE respectively. Also even at 5500BCE there were already 5 Greek cities created. These examples clearly show how ancient the Greek civilization is.
Martin Harte
Martin Harte Month ago
So London went from the biggest city in Europe to 4th in the few decades after my mum was born, Glasow was once in the top 10 biggest cities in Europe, Cordoba was once the biggest city in Europe, Madrid was amazingly small until surprisingly recently and from Rome dropping below 1 million until the next European city (London) to breach it was almost 2 millenia. My mind has been well and truly f****d.
Robert Booth
Robert Booth Month ago
I always beleived Glasgow to be one of the largest cities in Europe at the late 19th, early 20th Centrury before its decline. Wikipedia says that the population was 1,127,825 people in 1938 and that it was one of the first cities in Europe to reach 1,000,000. I see it is in the table at this period for a short while but it doesn't quite meet the same heights as it says on wikipedia.
Regalya Month ago
Wikipedia is not a source tho it's articless written by users like my and you it's citation system is extremely weak and infested with missinformaiton you should hardly ever use it tbh altho it may prove help in quiet few occasion for basic information.
MaxDecimus13 Month ago
I'd take a lot of the figures with a pinch of salt.
MlchiGan 4 months ago
It is important to differentiate between metropolitan areas and cities. Paris has just over 2 million citizens, but its metropolitan area exceeds 12 million. Madrid has 3,305,408 citizens while its metropolitan area is just over 5 million and the province is close to 7 million. All the data are mixed.
Dmitry Saharov
Dmitry Saharov 28 days ago
@MarcT it is absolutely unprofessional video for stupid people with E on Geography, so just don't take this in mind :) Istambul is 18+ billion people, the same Moscow, London Paris is small town, even Kyiv is bigger. But if we will count half country.. :) so we can't count this video as true story, it looks more as "idiot test"
julien b
julien b Month ago
On est bien d'accord. Outre qu'Istambul n'a jamais été en Europe, et Moscou et Saint Petersbourg en ont été exclues le 24 février 2022.
Forsaken Bacon
Forsaken Bacon Month ago
These statistics are trash 😂
Ich hab KEKSE im Transporter
There is just a lot wrong in this, I mean the biggest part of Istanbul ain’t even in Europe and through the video some larger city’s like Augsburg that was giant in the middle age were just ignored completely despite having more citizens than all of the listed city’s together. It could be much better with just better research!
Claudio Santini
Claudio Santini Month ago
The only certain and objective way to make a comparison between cities is to use the political administrative boundaries of the Municipality. All other systems are subjective and therefore statistically invalidating.
Alan L
Alan L Month ago
Great visualization! Maybe in future you could put the names next to the number if the bars are too small to show the name :)
Saricubra Month ago
It's impressive how old Rome, Athenes and Istanbul are and they return from their past glory.
Willem van Kalsbeek
Rome, the first city to reach a million in about the year 70 and dropping below a million again in 130. It took about 1680 years for an other city to get a population above the million. It took Rome 1800 years to get back to a million.
StoaSuacha Month ago
Very nice and interesting video! Most interesting for me were the rises of Rome (1st city with 1 million inhabitants at 70 AC) and Istanbul at the end!
apexerman1 Month ago
It must've been fascinating to visit Rome in the Middle Ages. A city that was once inhabited by a million people only to lose a vast majority of its population. The ultimate tour of ruins.
Elias Adam
Elias Adam 17 days ago
It's fascinating to visit today. Palatine Hill was one of the most interesting places I ever explored.
Nicola Nenciarini
must have been a wild real estate market
Francesca Month ago
​@Digily Dave that's literally like about 1500 years later the fall of rome, what are you talking about
lino biavaschi
lino biavaschi Month ago
@unu alin r. U sure ur not fantasyzing a bit?
SvetChannel Month ago
All smart romans go in Constantinople. Modern italians ia not romans
Kholdaimon Month ago
Imagine what it is like to live in Rome circa 600 AD. A city that housed a million inhabitants less than 500 years before and now only houses 70,000... There would be abandoned buildings and ruins everywhere. It would feel like a ghost town... The chances in population size happened so quickly back then, we think we can build a city block quickly now, but when you see how Constantinople went from pretty much nothing to 350,000 in 60 years, that is kinda scary... EDIT never mind, the growth of London in the 18th and 19th century is truly scary...
Alejandro soto martin
Constantinople was a small city that was stablished by an emperor and promoted by him to become as soon as possible the new capital of an empire. A bit like Peter the Great did with St. Petersburg. It's not so uncommon.
MultiCappie 26 days ago
I appreciate the effort and the result, but I would prefer to see a chart focused on urban areas or metropolitan areas, if possible.
Navhkrin Month ago
Istanbul is still growing at a pace of around 500K per year and will be the first 20M city within decade
This really gives you a good visual of how absolutely tragic & catastrophic the fall of the Roman empire must have been. Imagine going from a city of more than a million citizens - to less than 30,000....in only 5 or 6 generations. It must have felt like the end of the world to the people still there.
@Jack Maxwell No one is gona argue with you...you're just wrong. Lmaooo Idk about you, but I have a business to run. Trying to look smart for RU-vid strangers may be your top priority...its not even in my top 1000. You're very stupid & very confident....you are the embodiment of Dunning-Kruger
Jack Maxwell
Jack Maxwell Month ago
@SwizzleStickMcGee No, it was not "well documented". This view was mainly repeated by 1700s Gibbon's book but is mostly false. You can read renowned historian like F. Lot "The End of the Ancient World and the Beginnings of the Middle Ages" which explains that well for example.
@Jack Maxwell "There was no catastrophic fall of Rome." Yes....yes there was. It's pretty well documented. You're trying your hardest to sound like the smartest guy in the room - and failing to be the smartest guy in a 4th grade history classroom 🤣
Jack Maxwell
Jack Maxwell Month ago
Those numbers are false and mostly imaginary. There was no "catastrophic" fall but a so slow decline such that writers of those times never wrote about this: the so-called "fall of the Roman empire" originates mostly from Renaissance-period historians.
Too Hip to Hop
Too Hip to Hop 5 months ago
The year -5050: the 10th largest city in Europe is 17 people. The lack of data is very strong, I think it's not a unreasonable guess that at that time there be at least a few dozens (if not thousands) of settlements in Europe with 17 or more people.
TG Month ago
Lack of enormous data yet people still believe in religion...
hellegennes Month ago
@Lampavaja Nyasha Maybe. But when you present data about something, you present the data that you have, not data that you infer randomly. This video reflects the general idea about what data we have. If we have no data for settlements in Norway and their population, then we don't present it. This isn't "a list of cities which were definitely the biggest settlements at each point in time", this is "a list of the biggest settlements about which we have some data". However, it's not far from the truth. Greece was a cultural centre for a long time and a commercial powerhouse and that attracts people. Cities in Europe did not start to become bigger until they started serious trade, in the middle ages. Before that, they were mostly keeping to themselves or warring with each other.
hellegennes Month ago
@Mir Popolos This reflects what archaelogical evidence suggests about a certain archaelogical site, dated with a number of different techniques, including radio-dating. It's what evidence we have, not what evidence we can infer.
Peter Winters
Peter Winters 2 months ago
The city was 17 - but the metro area was 32
Lady Alexandra
Lady Alexandra 2 months ago
There had been Hallstadt. Rich from saltmine and making meat products to trade. They sure were more then 17 people.
Tim Suetens
Tim Suetens Month ago
After Rome briefly reached 1,000,000 people, it took a staggering 1,400 years for any city (London) to reach that number again. Rome didn't recover to 1 mil. until 1932: 1,500 years later.
Musavi Month ago
I would like to correct a mistake; The name of the city of Constantinople remained as Constantinopol after the Ottomans conquered it. After 1928, the name of the city was changed as a result of attempts to make the world forget its importance by the pressures of the west after the collapse of the Ottoman. It was not called Istanbul during the Ottoman period. The Ottomans did not change the name of the conquered lands, did not interfere with the freedom of language and belief of the people. They only transformed strategic structures into mosques as the symbol of domination of Islam. So after 1453, the flag should have changed, but the name of the city should have remained the same ;)
antunatomasan 23 days ago
every other city has the modern country flag and english name. Medieval Cordoba has the Spain flag... By that logic Constantinople should have Turkey's flag and be called Istanbul for the whole video.
Mohamad Alb
Mohamad Alb 23 days ago
@ODemir That’s merely an arabization of the name.
ODemir 26 days ago
True but false at the same time, it was called Kostantiniyye in the Ottoman times.
Ebuzer Şimşek
Ebuzer Şimşek 28 days ago
This is bullshit. Didn't you read any book in your life?
Mantulis87 Month ago
Fun fact: Romans living past 400 AD knew that its city's population had declined by several times due to vast amount of abandoned infrastructure such as water mills, extensive viaducts and grain/bread storage warehouses that were no longer needed/used. And it took 'only' 1500 years for another city to reach such population size.
John Green
John Green Month ago
Amazing. Rome had a million people in AD 100 the largest city in the world but 1700 years later it was smaller than Dublin
Randy Connolly
Randy Connolly 3 months ago
There is something quite wrong with this visualization: it seems to just be using simple linear extrapolation since it doesn't show some well-documented population declines. For instance, the black death (1347-52) hit cities particularly hard, and killed somewhere in the neighbourhood of 50% of the urban population of Europe. Some cities (e.g., Florence) had documented numbers above 70% mortality). Likewise, Leningrad (St. Petersburg) suffered a death toll between 1-5 million during ww2, but this is not reflected here. Still, despite this criticism, it was fun to watch!
Steve Lomas
Steve Lomas 8 days ago
@Max Le Popcorn Oh bore off bellbreath don't comment on things you haven't got a clue about...in most English speaking countrys "Randy" means in a state of sexual excitment...but you wouldn't know that would you because you are a dumbfuck.
Max Le Popcorn
Max Le Popcorn 8 days ago
@Steve Lomas ohhh and stop your crap randy isnt a bad name I think im not even in a english speaking country so yeah I just guess that randy isnt a bad name what I thinck its true
Max Le Popcorn
Max Le Popcorn 8 days ago
@Steve Lomas I think you dont know about knowing facts some people know some facts others other facts I dont think he wasted his time by going on google searching for a few minutes and maybe not even finding that good info. So your just jealous like @b8ffc who made the first comment to this comment by saying nerd he was just jealous like you
Max Le Popcorn
Max Le Popcorn 8 days ago
And rome washing made in 750 ce somewhere there not 1500 ce
Mc GetRekt
Mc GetRekt Month ago
It was shown here. This graph was averaged out from point A to point B. You didn't see the drastic changes, but they happened over a period of time on this graph rather than at once.
chumleyok Month ago
In the last 50 years, most of the major cities have redefined their boundaries which skews the numbers.
biggbals Month ago
First European city to reach 1 million in population was Rome in 70 AD, the second city was London in 1810. Crazy.
Faust Month ago
I appreciated the video, its very visual. But some details made it weird and even if it's a two year old video, i'll still say my piece to see what you think of it : - Rome fondation is supposed to be around -750 but on your video it's top 7 at -1100 (I guess it's the original settlement before being named Rome, but still) - Your data seems to take the agglomeration surrounding the city, take my city : Paris, it's currently 2,161 millions inhabitants, the region including paris is 12,21 millions, so I guess your not only taking in account the city, which is a bit misleading/arbitrary, who would decide that it's still in the city when it's 100km away. Knowing that, question is how accurate your datas are when it comes to city population (or what is consider a city). Good work anyway and thank you
Polly N
Polly N Month ago
Fascinating to see that the old Bulgarian capitals were once bigger than Rome and Paris! I wish more people knew about Bulgarian history
Roy Heffner
Roy Heffner Month ago
These numbers are obviously for the metropolitan area surrounding these cities. That should be stated. i say that because the population of the City of Rome is just under 2.9 million. The metro area is about 4.2 million. Just saying.
Tortello-RN Month ago
You see Costantinople’s population shrinking so fast after 1204. The sack of Costantinople was horrible
Snúður Ferðalangur
Istanbul was still called Constantinople after the fall of Byzantium. It was not called Istanbul until the modern Turkish state made it so
Alex Sveta
Alex Sveta Month ago
I don't know how accurate this is but I did enjoy it :) Well done!!
Javi Hernandez
Javi Hernandez 5 months ago
I think here's a bit of a mess up conflating cities, urban areas, metropolitan areas, regions, etc... For example, the London population shown is that of the city (as in municipality, not the City of London) itself, while for Paris it includes the Metro Area, as Paris as a city has between 2 and 3M. For Madrid and Barcelona you picked the whole province, etc. I don't know the criteria for the rest but that information is inaccurate. (Source: I'm one of the 3 million inhabitants of Madrid province/metro area that's not part of Madrid city)
syberian18 Month ago
@Ilya Muromec Yes but it’s irrelevant reducing Paris urban area to its municipality limit. Paris urban area was 10,8 millions in 2019.
Ilya Muromec
Ilya Muromec Month ago
The video was made by some uneducated person. There are official data that can be easily found on the Internet. Demographics of Paris -> The city of Paris (also called the Commune or Department of Paris) had a population of 2,165,423 people within its administrative city limits as of January 1, 2019
syberian18 Month ago
@reci This is nonsense. Paris urban area is way bigger than Berlin. They don't share the same administrative delimitations. You should compare what's comparable. Berlin metro area is smaller.
syberian18 Month ago
It is absurd to compare different jurisdictions and administrative delimitations. This is why metro areas should be taken into account. Greater London should be compared to Paris urban area, which englobes many municipalities around Paris administrative entity, comparable to London boroughs.
Mayer Month ago
​@CCPhreaky Berlin's seperation was never formalized and it was legally one city. The DDR called it Berlin, capital of the German Democratic Republic. And Bonn declared Greater Berlin as one state of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Gontzal Lekzeit
Gontzal Lekzeit 20 days ago
¡Uf!, hay muchos errores. Entre otras cosas, Berlín, durante 40 años fueron dos ciudades diferentes.
Hhutuber Month ago
Vastly different numbers are used in this comparison. For example Barcelona has only about 1.6 Million inhabitants when you use the same criteria as used for Berlin. 4.8 Million is the urban area which spans a third of Catalonia. There is the same problem with most cities on this list. Do you count the population in the city limits, the urban area including the suburbs or even other towns in the metro area that depend on the city?
BJS Month ago
Interesting how London was dominant up until the second world war but then lost a third since then. Clearlry during the war there was a large population move to outside the major cities and then with the onset of greater travel hubs and the car many live within commuter distance but are not counted.
Thom Month ago
Yeah it's not like the city shrank. The suburbs just expanded wider
James Henderson
James Henderson Month ago
It's amazing to think 2000 years ago Rome was ten times larger in population than any other city. That's like a city now having 100,000,000
Alejandro soto martin
Rather 390 million people because the urban area of Tokyo is about 39 million.
Giannis M
Giannis M 5 months ago
Athens has made a massive comeback . It went from almost 400,000 in ancient times to just about 8000 in the early 1800’s, now at almost 4 million
snowman Month ago
@Georgios_ εγώ μπορώ να είμαι ότι θέλω. Εσύ μπορείς να μην μας προσβάλεις, με αναληθείς τοποθετήσεις? οχι, η πλειονότητα μας δεν είναι από τη Μικρά Ασία. Δεν ξέρω καν από που σου ήρθε αυτή η ανοησία στο μυαλό
Georgios_ Month ago
@snowman Εσύ τώρα τι είσαι; Αμόρφωτος Τούρκος ή ανιστόρητος Έλληνας; Γιατί αυτό που λες ναι μεν δεν ισχύει, αλλά δεν μπορώ να φανταστώ για ποιον λόγο να το λες.
snowman Month ago
@Georgios_ not really. The vast majority of anatolians (who were not all Greeks) were settled in northern Greece. Athens received a relatively small number. Also, lol, where did you get the info that "more than half of Greeks are partially or fully anatolian"? dude, HARDLY 30% of Greeks have (usually) part of (sometimes) full ancestry from refugees, and half of them are from eastern thrace, WHICH IS NOT ANATOLIA. It's not good to spread bs around, no we are not asian, part or fully, only a minority is
Aikaterini Month ago
@Lena Rose when they stop, then we forgive.
Dux Month ago
Yes, they made a massive comeback when having a lot of inhabitants is not cool anymore.
Gianluca Goglia
Gianluca Goglia Month ago
No, paris has around 2,300,000 inhabitants. For some cities you have considered the province and others the city alone.
Adam Laz
Adam Laz Month ago
I wonder if this is down to how those local governments count population though. In Barcelona for example I know that the 'Greater Barcelona Metropolitan Area' is considered by the government to be a huge area covering about 4000km², so the population listed here of 5.5million is technically correct even if the actual 'city' as most people would consider it only has about 1.5million.
DRS Prof
DRS Prof Month ago
I think it's a brilliant video! But the definition of a "city" is an issue. Still it gives a good impression of what happened over the years. Paris and Rome have ATM the same population for example.
UFO Month ago
It's quite impressive that Greece - a very small country in the world today counting 2022 - was consistently in the Top 5 for nearly 7 Millenia! That's just crazy!
Omer Yesil
Omer Yesil Month ago
Well, it was the case in Europe. East Asian, Middle East, North Aftrica had much larger citities then Europe's. Also, I think (?), the main reason Greece had big cities, mostly because the trading happened between the Middle Eastern/North African cities and Greece (just my thoughts, may not have the reality).
HeartRaiders Official
Thessaloniki; Once very large now very small but still as beautiful.
Vilim Andrusz
Vilim Andrusz 2 months ago
It took 1700 years for London to reach a million inhabitants in Europe after Rome did in 100 AD. Goes to show how immeasurably magnificent and grandiose Rome truly was for its era. But what's still crazy is that London reached a million inhabitants sometime just around the early 1800s and by 1865 it was 3 million! And by the end of the century it was at 6.5 million! That's insane!
ERT_Chimpanzee 27 days ago
And now London is a multicultural sh *thole lol.
Adam Hughes
Adam Hughes Month ago
@idot fair point
Adam Hughes
Adam Hughes Month ago
@Chris - SwearWazntMe I wouldn't want to see war between our two nations either but under macron they are becoming more and more anti British which may lead them to make the silly decision to try go ahead with a EU military which will be seen as a threat to the UK and US and then Europe will be far less safer then it is now
Chris - SwearWazntMe
@skollybob Immigration leads to an increase in numbers of the labour force directly boosting our output, allowing us to have a larger trade influence, stop being part of the EDL my friend
Chris - SwearWazntMe
@Adam Hughes I’m British myself, but wouldn’t fancy versing France, they shouldn’t be underestimated, even if their country is a shithole
Komi 13 days ago
By giving cordoba the spanish flag, it would be the same as giving constantinople the turkish flag.
G A Month ago
Besides London, the only other British city to break the Top 10 since the industrial revolution was Glasgow.
Gokaes Month ago
this perfectly shows how Constantinople / Istanbul is a perfect place for a city everything a growing city would need, sea, arable land, trade routes
Richard Sypniewski
Imagine living in a time where the largest city in Europe was less than 10,000 people. There are just too many people now.
Karl Zila
Karl Zila 2 months ago
Rome, Mediolanum (Milan), Athens. They all returned to the top of the list after 2000 years. Incredible.
the anonymous guy
History repeats itself
ASTRO REX Month ago
@infinitydreamzz And only half of it in Europe :)
infinitydreamzz Month ago
@J N Constantinople==>Instabul same city, same people, just different language and religion.
Justin Month ago
@wtel actually no, it's a legend, the city was just robbed. Aquileia was still an important city during the middle ages, than its power have been overcome by Serenissima (Venice).
wtel Month ago
@Justin Well, Aquileia was effectively destroyed by the huns.
Dimitar Bogoev
Dimitar Bogoev Month ago
If anything it shows how fleeting these things are. We could easily have another Rome scenario - the cities that are big now collapse and wither. I imagine the people of all these past important cities thought they would be big and strong forever.
Michael S
Michael S Month ago
Brilliantly conceived graph that reveals much about human civilisation, plagues, wars, economic disasters ...
Christmas Critters
Seeing London reach the lofty heights of 9.6 million people at 1936 only to plummet thereafter and only reach 9.2 by 2020 is all you really need to know about what that war did to the British Empire.
Havva Kilic
Havva Kilic Month ago
I was watching this thing waiting to see Istanbul to be on top but it even dropped off for a while there. It was fun to watch it explode in the last 80 years or so and blast into the top spot right after that though. Felt like a day at the horse races. I knew it as 18m around 2008 though. Europe is lagging behind Tokoyo (37m), Delhi (32m) and Shanghai (29m) though.
Vigil Urbis
Vigil Urbis 5 months ago
Rome's steady and rapid population decline started on the year 350 mark, around the same time that Constantinople experienced a surge in numbers, although it took 100 more years for Constantinople to displace Rome in the Number 1 spot. This is primarily due to Constantinople becoming the new permanent capital of the Roman Empire, although there are other factors like civil wars (Crisis of the Third Century and the wars of the Tetrarchy) and Emperors staying far away from Rome when on lengthy campaigns against barbarians. Constantinople held the Top 1 spot from 450 to 1265, with a brief interruption by Córdoba from 995-1025 due to the latter being a political and commercial center in Spain. Take note that Constantinople's population decline itself started around the 1205 mark, just a year after the Fourth Crusade sacked the city, and Paris eventually took the Top 1 place on 1265, four years after the Eastern Romans retook the city. By this time the ERE had been reduced to just Greece and portions of western Anatolia
Bernd Lauert
Bernd Lauert Month ago
I found it interesting that right before Constantinople was founded, Trier was the second biggest city in Europe if the data in the video is accurate.
Johannes Reif
Johannes Reif 2 months ago
I think it's also interesting to note that it took 1500 years for another European city (London) to reach the 1 million mark after Rome's population declined so heavily.
Broadway JR
Broadway JR 3 months ago
Also, Rome's decline happened around then because that's when it started to really become apparent that it wasnt in a secure, defensible location and that was beginning to matter more than ever. It was also becoming increasingly hard to provide for a city of that size in that location when its countryside was frequently subject to raids (hence why it started becoming utterly dependent on Africa's grain supply, which the Vandals would later take control of)
Lahmacun mapper (eski oldlar tanır)
Lan o istanbul
SpongeBob 4 months ago
I think Rome lost 1/3 of its population due a plague twice
Juan Vic
Juan Vic Month ago
I like your video from the editing and process point of view, and consider it very interesting, but as Spanish from Madrid, I see that the figures are much higher than should be in the case of Madrid and Barcelona. I think I know what happened. The city of Madrid has an area of some 650 Km2, while the province has about 8,027 km2. I'm afraid Barcelona's population has suffered the same estimation mistake. Probably when consulting the statistics, (may be this happens to other European cities as well) the figures referred to administrative areas that are much bigger than the cities itself, although (in many cases)have the same name that the cities. So they reflect administrative areas population, that are not just cities, so the figures don't match. Could it be so? Thank you very much anyway.
jonay z
jonay z Day ago
The same mistake has been made for the other cities in the ranking but Spaniards are the only ones to complain about having 2 cities among the 10 most populated in Europe.
Lord Payo
Lord Payo Month ago
Básicamente más que las ciudades están poniendo las aéreas metropolitanas, si lees los comentarios verás que lo hacen con más ciudades. En Madrid habrán incluido a Getafe, Leganés, Alcobendas...
Forasago Month ago
What happened 600 - 500 BC when cities apparently went from 30k max to 10 times that in a hundred years or so, lead by Athens? Some kind of infrastructure improvement? And then Athens shrinks back to 30k over hundreds of years. What a strange time that must have been for people living there, to know that just a few hundred years ago 10 times the inhabitants lived where you live. You'd see ruins of their old buildings, most of the city would go unused... Unless they built mostly with wood.
AleladeKaptan Enes
İstanbul still on the throne love this city is so beautiful and unique.
Jackoid89 Month ago
Rome was reportedly founded in 753 BC, for sure there were communities earlier than that, but it's a bit hard to believe that they were almost the size of Athens in 800 BC... Something does not add up
Tony Romano
Tony Romano 3 months ago
I can't believe my island, Ischia, which was a Greek colony in southern Italy, is in the list between 2:28 and 3:08. It's a tiny island near Naples that's inhabited by 60,000 people today and got to 7,500 before getting out of the list in 690 BC. I'm from there and I had no fuckin' idea we were so important at that time 😆
Nicolas M.
Nicolas M. Month ago
Rest of Europe was very cold, mostly covered in snow and pretty wild. Some most of the population was located around the Mediterranean Sea.
Tony Romano
Tony Romano Month ago
@lepireresteavenir I said I didn't know it was THAT important 😉 I never knew it was among the 10 most populated cities in the world, but yes, they tought us our history.
What do they teach you at school? It’s sad that you don’t know that your island was important 😅
Sebbo_h Month ago
@Leontas Greece is Albania
Roberto Di Terlizzi
The same for Taranto, Siracusa, Pozzuoli..it was under the Greek invasion, la Magna Grecia!
AMG 6 days ago
Rome was the peak of civilization in history, btw nowadays the " Great Milan " in Italy have between 8 and 12 milion inhabitants and is one of the most populated urban agglomeration in Europe.
Coda Alive
Coda Alive Month ago
Good job, thanks for doing it. Beside Rome, Constantinople and Athens were also very important for history. Istanbul is still biggest despite Roman Empire taking over for some time. We have to give Muslims more credit to waking up Europe without massive death toll for example US brought to their region.
Just imagine how cheap the real estate would be in Rome. Population dropped from over a million to less than 30,000. Imagine how many empty houses and streets there would be. Must have been like a ghost town.
Mucha Na Dziko
Mucha Na Dziko Month ago
Rome was the only city to ever hit a million inhabitants, until London has this many in 1800. It's freaking crazy
Mucha Na Dziko
Mucha Na Dziko Month ago
@Malcolm Cullen yeah, sure, I was only talking about the video above
Aurelia Month ago
And rome fell under 50000. Even crazier that a city can even rebound after such a massive loss, or that such a mass desertion can even happen.
Malcolm Cullen
Malcolm Cullen Month ago
*in Europe. Alexandria, Baghdad and several cities in China, all reached a million before London did.
Georgios_ 5 months ago
Crotonas, Syracuses and Sybaris were all Greek cities in what is nowadays Southern Italy, back then known as Magna Grecia.
Dillo in italiano
@Aaren Graves The language wasn’t different. All citizens in Rome and oriental part of their empire, were bilinguals (latin/greek). Latin was the administrative language but in reality people spoke Greek more than Latin
AlexanderKind Month ago
Taranto too, founded as Taras, the only Spartan colony in Magna Grecia
Georgios_ 2 months ago
@Blaster 😂😂😂 wtf bro there were 0 Italians in the city, only Greeks.
Blaster 2 months ago
Costantinopoli was literally an italian city then. It's called "New Rome" for a reason.
edraith 3 months ago
@Georgios_ yes it is sometimes used in that way but more correctly it should only refer to the peninsular cities, not those in Sicily. Academically speaking in Italy we will usually differentiate between Magna Graecia and Greek Sicily.
Kekkoinen Month ago
This really shows how Rome dominated for 400 years and still after that have their capital and other important cities on top
♡︎Savage Blinkie♡︎
i didnt know amsterdam was on there too! you are a hardworking human! keep on the good work! love from the netherlands!
Rupert Hart
Rupert Hart Month ago
It would be awesome if you used flags or symbols of the historical political entity rather than using modern day nation state flags e.g. a Roman flag to indicate Roman empire and an Italian flag to indicate a city state - basically our modern day nation states are vastly different to the political structures of the past.
Nicola Dal Corso
The name of Istanbul was Constantinople until 1922. Anyway I love that period when all the largest cities was Rome.
Jerald Collins
Jerald Collins 3 months ago
I was a college student in Knossos in 1100BC. The lack of air conditioining was really rough.
ERT_Chimpanzee 27 days ago
Where's the joke? I have dig 3 years and still haven't found the joke.
The Seeker
The Seeker Month ago
I seem to remember that the thick stone walls of the gymnasion.... and Greek construction methods in general, kept out the winter cold as well as the summer heat. Also Europe is generally much warmer today than 3 thousand years ago.
Zorbox GD (Mercia Mapping)
6 hundred and sixth sixth like 👻
Marbles Month ago
"Professor, the Minotaur ate my homework."
Arsen Kambalov
Arsen Kambalov Month ago
I graduated the Knossos School of Arts in 1098 BC. The issue with AC was still there.
Antonella B
Antonella B 29 days ago
How can we explain the collapse of Rome and the subsequent boom of Constantinople? Quite simply: Constantine ran away, taking the imperial chest with him
Duker Bower
Duker Bower 28 days ago
Florence, during the High Renaissance, was, I think, around 50-60'000. Imagine.
Maks G
Maks G Month ago
Love that Feodosiya is under Russian flag! ❤
stergiosvet 22 days ago
Amazing how the majority of the biggest cities ever are GREEK! Most of their are either Greek nowadays or have been settled by Greeks - unkraine, Turkey, Italy, Northern Africa, Black Sea-
E W 2 years ago
Can yall imagine what a ghost town most of rome would have been after its population reduced from a million to 100 thousand in like 100 years
Dimosthenis Karamparpas
the same as constantinople after the crusade
Hans Gruber
Hans Gruber 3 months ago
@E W Sounds far more pleasant than living with a million other people.
Palden Norbu
Palden Norbu 3 months ago
Sack of Rome by Alaric/Visigoths and Sack of Rome by the Vandals
Cana 3 months ago
@I have been there! costantinopoli is still romans
Cana 3 months ago
@Arne F. in the video only the town is shown
Logan Fisher
Logan Fisher Month ago
I had no clue that the territory that is now the country of Ukraine was home to so many significant early cities.
KubeSquared Month ago
It took 1500 years for a city to surpass Rome at its peak. That's crazy...
Pedro Lion
Pedro Lion Month ago
Istanbul/Constantinople is just ridiculously insane. Almost two thousand years leading and still made it to the top after falling in just the last years.
Eyo _
Eyo _ Month ago
Very impressive and probably very difficult to visualize. One thing kind of disturbed me though. First you show flags of countries, where the shown city is located today, like for example Serbia, which didn’t even exist before Christ. Then Constantinople/Istanbul the flag changes, instead of being today‘s flag turkey. Either go one or another in my opinion. Still good video.
Š. Max Dančo
Š. Max Dančo 5 months ago
for me, as a czech living in Praga, it's wonderful seeing her make it to the board. It makes perfect sense, also, from historical point of view. In 14th century, Charles IV. ruled Holy Roman Empire and Czech lands (Bohemia, Morava). In that time, he made Praga main city of the Empire and lived there. That's the moment, Praga enters the chat. His son did live here too, but then the hussite wars plundered Czechia. It's interesting to see, that during the wars, Praga was at it's best. Wars ended in 1434. Then the population starts to drop and I'm not sure why. Anyway, the next ruler, who moved to Praga in the Holy Roman Empire, was Rudolf II. He made the city a haven for alchemists and artists from all over Europe. That was the little comeback in 1590 on the board:D
Scott4 2 months ago
@CharlieDoesRoblox Its kind of archaic word, right know everybody calls the city Prague in english. In czech its Praha 🙂.
Citadin 3 months ago
@Jaif not surprising because a lot of the slaves sold by jewish traders in Prague ended up in Andalusia.
oscar alegre
oscar alegre 3 months ago
@Jaif long live the jewish people. Every time something great happen in human history there is a jewish person behind, just think about it
Jaif 3 months ago
did you know the first person to mention praga in history was an arab jew from iberia ?
oscar alegre
oscar alegre 3 months ago
@Citadin from slave trade to po*rn industry, only In Czech Republic hehehe
Michele Nicastri
Michele Nicastri 29 days ago
Many stats are wrong . Rome is listed with almost 5000 inhabitants at -970, while it had been founded around -750
bfjb70 Month ago
Never knew London had ever gotten that large.
Kiril Velinov
Kiril Velinov 27 days ago
Sparta and Preslav are my favorite cities Sparta=Southern Kavala Preslav=Eastern Sofia
Giannis th.
Giannis th. 26 days ago
To those who dont know history: "Instabul" is the great city Κωνσταντινουπολη(Constantinoupoli)
Bob Bogaert
Bob Bogaert 5 months ago
Always remembered this passage from Will Durant's "The Life of Greece" about Sybaris, once the richest city in antiquity: All went well with Sybaris until it slipped into war with its neighbor Crotona (510). We are unreliably informed that the Sybarites marched out to battle with an army of 300,000 men. The Crotonians, we are further assured, threw this force into confusion by playing the tunes to which the Sybarites had taught their horses to dance. The horses danced, the Sybarites were slaughtered, and their city was so conscientiously sacked and burned that it disappeared from history in a day."
tanner 2 months ago
I am from there! no it's a shitty village with clearly not the same prestige
L.S. 3 months ago
I guess the modern day equivalent might be something like the tanks or drones getting hacked to spin in circles, hah.
Bob Bogaert
Bob Bogaert 4 months ago
@Brant Larson Really glad people are still reading him.
Brant Larson
Brant Larson 4 months ago
Started Durant’s Hustory of Civilization during 2020 lockdowns. Slowly working my way through it has been a joy.
Orbixas Month ago
What I would give to visit Rome anno 500... The remains of a city so large it wouldn't be beaten for a millennium and a half...
boggy6060 29 days ago
Istanbul is the largest city in today's Europe. I wasn't expecting that !
alejandro garcia
You simply can’t have overview of the evolution of European demography, without take in consideration the rest.
Muhammet Bekir Minnar
Wow, I did not know Istanbul was the most crowded city in 16th century
Marf 2 months ago
It's interesting to see in ancient times how cities would hit their carrying capacity of a few thousand and start to shrink (if they weren't invaded and decimated). Cities didn't have the possibility of growing exponentially like they do today. I think besides technology, the biggest difference between life then and now is just how few people there were. Even in the largest cities you probably knew most people for thousands of years
Mc Hanson
Mc Hanson Month ago
@Cuvtixo D also food supplies. Pretty much all cities throughout the ages had to live off of the food that could be produced in the nearby region
Cuvtixo D
Cuvtixo D Month ago
Antibiotics are a major reason for that.
Choirokoitia had 1000 inhabitants maximum at best. Some say only 300-600 are realistic. Here it is presented as nearly 2000.
King Leopold II of Belgium
I did not expect to see 4 Belgian cities on this list, and none of them were our current biggest city Brussels. Ypres, Bruges and Ghent were all located in the County of Flanders. Them appearing on the list just goes to show how important the region was in the second half of the Middle Ages.
Joey Allemeesch
Joey Allemeesch Month ago
I did expect to see Bruges and Ghent somewhere on top and Ypres was also not a suprise to me. But maybe that’s because I live not to far from all of them (closest is Ypres +- 30km).
De Waard
De Waard 27 days ago
The slowing down of time scale from 5 to 1 year per time frame really hides the explosive effect of industrialization.
OLE OLE OLE Month ago
this would be interesting to see as a % of world population or their respective countries population
Benja 4 months ago
You really start to understand the magnitude of the events of the time when you notice that the only period in the last few hundred years major cities like London, Berlin, St. Petersburg, etc stopped headlong exponential growth and in fact started to de-populate was right around 1935-1945.
pavel grigoryev
pavel grigoryev Month ago
it's a good looking picture, but far-far-far from reality with some nonsence at the beginning. looks like the values are averaged over decades. 1347-48 - sth Europe (all cities here) - according to chronicles up to 80% of the population was lost from plague. historians believe - about 50%. 1812 - Napoleon's EU came to Moscow, city was burned to the ground. here - slow continuous growth. 1941-44 - Leningrad (hear St.Petersburg) more then a million deceased from hunger, near 1.5 million evacuated. and here - minus some thousands
National Prussialism
@Tog Arnis that black/ white thing dosen’t work that well for europeans but you’re still right
Tog Arnis
Tog Arnis 3 months ago
@Tesseract Orion I don't know, according to Wiki London has been losing roughly 10% of its White population every decade since 1991. London was 80% White in '91 so it seems likely some of the prior population loss was indeed 'White flight'. Since the 90's White population losses are more than offset by immigrant population increases... so London's population keeps rising despite the continuing flight.
Grégoire lebatard
Grégoire lebatard 3 months ago
No Paris continue to grow up at this period lol
Tesseract Orion
Tesseract Orion 3 months ago
@Tog Arnis Nope. Just people (of all 'colours') not being able to afford the stratospherically high prices of London property (mostly due to Saudi, Russian, et al money laundering 'investment') so having to move further and further away - but still commuting into the city .